Project sustainability strategies:-Most of developing countries receive a large number of loans/assistance for
their development. Development projects are implemented by Go-NGOs. Different types of assistance from
development multinational financial institutions are received. This assistance is used to attain some objectives.
Recent experience shows that the bulk of assistance used in these projects is implemented and completed with
minimum benefits. Suppose some projects are established with sophisticated technology. These are functioning
less or at reduced capacity. In some cases, the component of project activities can run without foreign
technology. It should be observed that projects are rendering services to the intended. Beneficiaries for this more
attention should be paid to the issue of operation and maintenance and sustainability.
Project sustainability strategies Step-1
Lack of sustainability hampers overall development and significantly overall growth. Hamper’s overall
development significantly the overall growth & prospects of these countries. Policy Markers development
partners have given special interest to the project. Sustainability even different organizations have given various
opinions about sustainability from a different point of view.
Sustainability may be described as an activity or range of activities. That concerns the output and effect stage.
The sequence input/effect impact may be expressed here. Input will create output and produce some desired
effects. This is done through logical sequence since the output will generate the effect it is required that some
facilities created in the project should be maintained and operated.
Project sustainability strategies Step-2
Project sustainability is defined by word bank as the capacity of a project to continue delivering its intended
benefits. Over a long period of time. The OED of the world bank states. The term sustainability describes the
ability of a project to maintain an acceptable level of benefits. Economic life is expressed in quantitative terms
involving the internal economy of the financial rate of return benefits. May also be qualitatively assessed for
projects in the productive sector such as subsector policies technology transfer and institution building which
must be assessed qualitatively.
How to ensure project sustainability:-
a) Some capital assets trained manpower etc. created in the project from these continuous operations are needed.
b) To generate targeted income.
c) To maintain an enhanced level of productivity.
d) To ensure equities distribution of increased income and befits among the target beneficiaries.
e) To ensure community participation.
f) To develop institutional capacity. In other words, some key points of sustainability are discussed.
Examples of project sustainability :
- The flow of benefits results should be relevant to the reeds and interests of planners and beneficiaries.
- Development partner assists with some inputs to the developing countries where developing countries try to achieve some real benefit and maintain the project and activities support its institution which can run smoothly.
- Real benefits and time periods are to be defined in each instance taking into account the country’s development. Objectives of the investment and recurrent cost and creation of a permanent institutional capacity should be reviewed properly by the policymakers.
- After the termination of major assistance that the financial resources and managerial capability for sustaining the project. There should be continuous relations with the development partner. Supplementary financing of commodities may be needed.
How to evaluate the sustainability of a project:-
Some consensus is reached about the factors of sustainability. The factors of sustainability are as follows.
a) Government policies.
b) Management organization and local participation.
c) Financial factors.
d) Technology factors.
e) Socio-cultural factors.
f) Environment and Ecological factors.
g) External, Political and Economic circumstances.
What are the elements of project sustainability?:-
a) Government policies-
Govt. Projects are implemented with the framework of national policies/ objectives. Main govt. policies are the
preparation of budget reservation of commodities/ utilities, and adoption of subsides interest states. personal
Even private participation is most important in achieving program sustainability. In this regard govt. the policy
will endeavor to participate in the private sector. Adequate Govt. commitment to rural development needs to be
maintained over time.
b) Management organization and local participation in Project Sustainability:-
This includes leadership quality (managerial) administrative system and community participation. Managerial
leadership can bring change which may help in achieving sustainable programs. Managerial capabilities are
necessary to sustain the program. Assessment of local management capabilities is required for implementing
good projects. This capability can help to run some activities after terminating the external assistance.
The policymakers should reflect on the project objectives which can be matched with organizational and
administrative capability. Administrative machinery should perform its activities perfectly. It should be ensured
that inputs were supplied timely.
Credits should be supplied to the beneficiaries at right. Logistics support Budgets are necessary and should be
developed to run the program effectively. Even local participation in project planning implementation can affect
c) Financial factors for Project Sustainability:-
Project sustainability includes a flow of funds that is necessary to cover operation maintenance and depreciation.
After the investment, it will generate continuously and be created by the development project. It can create a
system that runs the program effectively and smoothly. Financial analysis should be done so that funds are able
Financial analysis is done that funds are available and the Project Manager will be able to achieve sustainable
development programs project makers should emphasize in the financial plan for checking general inflation. Even
user fees and community-based financing are required to pay for services rendered by the project.
d) Technology factors for Project Sustainability –
The technology should be appropriate to countries with consistent financial and institutional capabilities. In some
cases advanced expensive and sophisticated technology may be wistful. Simple technology must be used to
enable the counterpart staff.
If expensive relative to the benefits generated by the technology. Therefore the technology is necessary which is
maintained tested adapted ensure its suitability where the developing countries’ experts can acquire the
knowledge quickly so that they can run properly after the acquisition of respective knowledge. Even technical
packages should be appropriate to suit local conditions and the environment. This should be judged by the
technical evaluation experts.
e) Socio-cultural factors for Project Sustainability –
It should be examined the socio-cultural condition in the project area and consider what factors to be taken into
account after ending assistance. The success of the project will arise maximum social benefit. Ensure the success
of the project and will arise maximum social benefits. Even religious belief values should be given emphasis for
their proper implementation.
Govt. can assess gender issues to define the roles and responsibilities of men and women which can assist in
programmed success. It may be mentioned that social roles in various economic activities can frequently be
involved with gender.
f) Environment and Ecological factors for Project Sustainability –
Significant adverse environmental effects in rural development. Many developing countries are managing natural
resources efficiently. The ecological balances are destroyed by excessive population. Poor management of natural
resources is also responsible. Even unplanned development has expedited the devastation of natural resources
threatening the ability of the environment which is to be reviewed for program sustainability.
It is needless to say that a negative environment can reduce or negate a project’s benefit. So careful planning
may be needed to avoid serious problems. Regulative measures must be taken in this respect environmental
policy needs to be prepared and actions can be taken. Ensure that the benefits of projects are sustainable in a
manner that is ecological sound for this sustainability is enhanced. But the activities of the project can be
stopped if they can create adverse effects on the environment.
So attention should be paid. In this regard at the macro level lack of concern with the impacts of development.
Strategies for the sustainability of the natural environment can have more drastic effects the following examples
Project sustainability strategies See the below Factors:
- Due to a lack of concern for pollution control, all but two of India’s high-altitude lakes are dying.
- Uncontrolled deforestation has resulted in a lack of fodder for cattle.
- Concern with reducing the repayment period on social forestry projects has encouraged the planting of eucalyptus trees which grow quickly but cannot be used as fodder consequently forests can no longer sustain cattle production.
- Uncontrolled deforestation has resulted in 4 million hectares of land being swallowed up by ravines.
Regulatory control is required to prevent environmental abuse for individual profit. This is to be arranged sustainability can be enhanced by encouraging changes in behavior patterns that adversely affect the environment.
g) External, Political and Economic circumstances for Project Sustainability –
Project sustainability strategies Development Projects were implemented within the context of existing political-
economic cultural circumstances. Political instability or even a change of political leadership can hamper long-
term growth. If it is not destroyed then it requires reaching sustainability. Even economic instability can disrupt
programmed sustainability through the negative impact of inflations. Foreign exchange shortage on capital
equipment and declining world market price.